Introduzione – IT

Settembre 2011.

C’è da ridere  leggendo il monito lanciato sulle pagine dell’Independent a proposito dell’alimentazione di noi italiani.

A quanto pare gli inglesi, assai noti per l’uso elevato di alcool, ci fanno notare che noi italiani, prima abbiamo fatto scuola con i sani insegnamenti della dieta mediterranea per poi abbandonare tutto a favore di fastfood alla McDonald’s o Burger King.

A dargli ragione è anche Antonello del Vecchio di Slow Food, il quale ha spiegato che gli italiani stanno perdendo il piacere di una alimentazione sana a favore di alimenti poco salutari.

I buoni pasti tradizionali fatti dalla mamma, spaghetti con pomodoro fresco, una caprese con mozzarella e pomodori, olio extravergine di oliva, pesce fresco sono stati sostituiti da patatine, hamburger e junk food. Se a questo aggiungiamo anche la riduzione dell’attività fisica è bastato poco perché gli inglesi ci bacchettassero.

Per carità siamo consapevoli che le accuse sono in gran parte vere. Siamo consapevoli che l’obesità infantile nutrita di tv e merendine, è in costante aumento e suscita la preoccupazione di nutrizionisti e pediatri.
Eppure, nonostante la consapevolezza, gli allarmi, i convegni, poco, pochissimo sembra cambiare. le pessime abitudini della presunta modernità sono dure a morire.

Certo non facciamo moto, e come dice il professore Michele Carruba, la colpa molto spesso è del “divano-patata stile di vita” .

Stili di vita che devono essere sicuramente cambiati visto che comportano a lungo termine aumento di rischio di diabete, malattie cardiovascolari e cancro.

La riscoperta delle tradizioni culinarie e mangiare prodotti locali devono diventare il nostro presente e futuro.

Fonte: il Journal

The Indipendent article in EN

Thursday, 1 September 2011

Italy is famed for its healthy Mediterranean diet, but alarming new figures show that it has a higher proportion of overweight children than anywhere in Europe.

While the rest of the world is encouraged to copy the traditional Italian menu by swapping junk food for fruit and vegetables, it seems Italians are forgetting the lessons they taught everyone else.

Traditional home-made meals and snacks are losing out to low-cost, calorie-packed fast food. Coupled with less physical activity, the results are evident with ever more “ciccioni” – fat children – on every street corner.

Dr Antonello del Vecchio, a practising doctor and spokesman for Slow Food, the international movement born 20 years ago, said: “Italians are eating less and less of the Italian diet and more and more fast food,” he said. “For a long while, unlike northern Europe, we resisted, but now it’s here and we’re seeing the results.”

More than a third – 36 per cent – of Italian children are either overweight or obese by the age of eight, according to a survey released this week by the Institute for Auxology of Milan, making Italy the worst in Europe in terms of obesity among young children.

“The seriousness of these figures must not be under-estimated,” said Dr Giovanni Ancarani, president of the research institute. He noted that 10 per cent of the adult Italian population was officially obese and 35 per cent was overweight.

“That means 20 million Italians have weight problems,” he said. Comparisons with past issues of the report suggest that the percentage of the Italian population with weight problems is growing by 0.5 per cent a year.

Another researcher, professor Michele Carruba, who also lectures at the University of Milan, blamed the couch-potato lifestyle. “Changes in diet and physical activity have brought an increase in obesity in adults and children in a relatively short time,” he said.

Professor Carruba said that there were fears that the trend among youngsters meant the obesity epidemic in Italy “could explode”. He said serious long-term consequences for those affected by obesity from a young age included an increased risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer.

The reasons why Italians are choosing to live – and eat – less healthily, are not well understood. But the new report does highlight dramatic regional differences. In the northern, relatively affluent, Valle d’Aosta, 23 per cent of eight-year-olds have weight problems. In the poorer southern region of Campania, the figure is 49 per cent – underlining that obesity is, at least in part, influenced by cultural factors and poverty. Dr Del Vecchio said: “What we need to do is rediscover our culinary traditions and get back to eating local produce.